is a dedicated treatment modality that deals with blood-related cancers such as leukaemia, haemophilia, lymphomas, bone marrow cancer, and so on. The treatment of these cancers involves a multidisciplinary approach by combining chemotherapy, radiation therapy, blood transfusion, and bone marrow transplantation.
At the Best Hematology Oncology Hospital in Noida, our multidisciplinary team of oncologists work collectively to devise an effective treatment plan for patients with blood cancer. Our team creates a comprehensive and individualized treatment plan to achieve the best treatment outcomes. At every step of your treatment with us, our team will keep a close watch to monitor the progress and tweak the treatment plan according to your results. For patients requiring a bone marrow transplantation, our team works closely with your family and assists them at every stage right from financial planning, and psychological support to hospitalization and post-treatment follow-up.
What Are the Types of Blood Cancers?
- Leukaemia: This occurs when the bone marrow starts abnormal production of white blood cells.
- Lymphomas: This occurs when the immune building cells and tissues begin to show cancerous growth.
- Myeloma: This occurs due to cancerous growth in the plasma cells.
In all of these cancers, early detection and treatment are crucial to managing cancer effectively. A combination of radiation, chemotherapy, and bone marrow transplantation helps the patient to overcome cancer. In some cases, however, bone marrow transplantation becomes the only option to prevent cancer from relapsing.
Bone marrow transplant or stem cell transplant is a surgical procedure that removes the damaged bone marrow or stem cells and replaces them with a healthy one from a donor. It becomes extremely important when:
- The existing bone marrow cells are damaged or not properly functioning due to leukaemia or another type of blood cancer.
- The immune cells are not regenerating or able to fight cancer.
- The patient is not responding to radiation therapy or chemotherapy.
- The patient is suffering from other health conditions that affect the production of bone marrow cells.
- The normal functioning of the immune system has to be restored due to high doses of chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
Depending on the patient’s conditions, the bone marrow transplantation can be done in the following three ways:
Autologous bone marrow transplant: In this type, the patient is itself the donor. This means that the surgeon will extract stem cells from your body before starting radiation therapy or chemotherapy and store them in a freezer. Once the therapy is completed, the surgeon will put these back into your body so that they can produce normal blood cells.
Allogenic bone marrow transplant: In this type, the surgeon will extract the stem cells from a donor. The donor can be your relative such as siblings or an unrelated genetically matched donor.
Umbilical cord blood transplant: During an umbilical blood transplant, the stem cells will be collected from the umbilical cord at the time of childbirth. These stem cells will be tested, typed, and stored for future use.
A bone marrow transplant is an effective strategy to make a patient cancer-free. Dr Rakesh Ojha, the director of our Haematology and Bone Marrow Transplant Program at IOSPL is an American board-certified surgeon who provides cutting edge care to patients with blood cancer. With us, you can be assured of the best care with excellent patient outcomes.